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APA 7th Style:  Video & audio

UON Library guide for the APA 7th referencing style

YouTube and other short online clips

 

General Notes:

  • This information is suitable to use for the various free video hosting platforms, including YouTube, Vimeo, Dailymotion, etc.
  • The screen name on the account should be used as the author, regardless if they created the video or not.
  • Add the description of [Video] in square brackets after the title.
  • Include the full YouTube link. The 'Share' feature on YouTube can provide a shortened, usable link.
  • The name of the hosting site is required to be added before the access link.  This is a major revision for APA 7.
  • The words 'Retrieved from' are no longer required before an access link for videos.  This is a major revision for APA 7.
  • Do not include a full-stop after the URL at the end of the reference.
  • APA allows for links to be either plain text or 'active'. See the official APA Style Blog for more information.
YouTube clip

 

Reference list examples:

 


Need to quote from a video or audio content?

 

APA allows the use of a 'timestamp' for both direct quoting and paraphrasing from these sources.

Check the time that the quote starts and use that in place of a page number, e.g. (Moorhouse, 2015, 1:13:20). Here the 1:13:20 refers to 1 hour 13 minutes 20 seconds into the film, where the quote we want starts.

Hours/minutes/seconds follows the pattern H:MM:SS

Minutes/seconds follows the pattern MM:SS

Where you are only using seconds (e.g. for a short clip), use a zero at the front, e.g. 0:39 for 39 seconds.

Podcast episodes

 

General Notes:

  • The hosts are credited as the 'authors'.  This is a major revision for APA 7.
  • Add the description of [Audio podcast episode] in square brackets after the title.
  • The name of the production company added before the access link.
  • Include the full podcast link.
  • The words 'Retrieved from' are no longer required before an access link for videos.  This is a major revision for APA 7.
  • Do not include a full-stop after the URL at the end of the reference.
Podcast episode

 

Reference list examples:

 


Need to quote from a video or audio content?

 

APA allows the use of a 'timestamp' for both direct quoting and paraphrasing from these sources.

Check the time that the quote starts and use that in place of a page number, e.g. (Moorhouse, 2015, 1:13:20). Here the 1:13:20 refers to 1 hour 13 minutes 20 seconds into the film, where the quote we want starts.

Hours/minutes/seconds follows the pattern H:MM:SS

Minutes/seconds follows the pattern MM:SS

Where you are only using seconds (e.g. for a short clip), use a zero at the front, e.g. 0:39 for 39 seconds.

Films

 

General Notes:

  • It is not necessary to specify the version of the film that you watched (theatre, DVD, Blu-Ray, streaming).
  • The director is credited as the author of the film.  This is a major revision for APA 7.
  • Add the designation (Director) after their name.
  • Add the description of [Film] in square brackets after the title.
  • Finish the reference with the name of the production company.
Films

 

Reference list examples:

 

 


Need to quote from a video or audio content?

 

APA allows the use of a 'timestamp' for both direct quoting and paraphrasing from these sources.

Check the time that the quote starts and use that in place of a page number, e.g. (Moorhouse, 2015, 1:13:20). Here the 1:13:20 refers to 1 hour 13 minutes 20 seconds into the film, where the quote we want starts.

Hours/minutes/seconds follows the pattern H:MM:SS

Minutes/seconds follows the pattern MM:SS

Where you are only using seconds (e.g. for a short clip), use a zero at the front, e.g. 0:39 for 39 seconds.

TV series episodes and webisodes

 

General Notes:

  • It is not necessary to specify how you watched the episode (TV, DVD, Blu-Ray, streaming).
  • The pattern for TV series episode is similar to a chapter in an edited book, with the writer/s and director credited as the authors, and the Executive Producers is the place of where Editors would be.
  • Add the designations (Writer), (Director), and (Executive Producer) after creators' names as appropriate.
  • Add the season and episode details in brackets after the episode title.
  • Add the description of [TV series episode] in square brackets after the season/episode information.
  • Finish the reference with the name of the production company.
TV series episode

 

Reference list example:

 

 


Need to quote from a video or audio content?

 

APA allows the use of a 'timestamp' for both direct quoting and paraphrasing from these sources.

Check the time that the quote starts and use that in place of a page number, e.g. (Moorhouse, 2015, 1:13:20). Here the 1:13:20 refers to 1 hour 13 minutes 20 seconds into the film, where the quote we want starts.

Hours/minutes/seconds follows the pattern H:MM:SS

Minutes/seconds follows the pattern MM:SS

Where you are only using seconds (e.g. for a short clip), use a zero at the front, e.g. 0:39 for 39 seconds.

Recorded music

 

General Notes:

  • It is not necessary to specify how you listened to the album or song (CD or streaming).
  • Where the music is only available online (e.g. via Soundcloud) include a URL in the reference.
  • Add the description of [Album] or [Song] in square brackets after the title.
  • Finish the reference with the name of the record label, unless the work is classical, where the original publishing year should be added.
Album

Single song
Classical music album
Classical music song

 

Reference list examples:

 

 


Need to quote from a video or audio content?

 

APA allows the use of a 'timestamp' for both direct quoting and paraphrasing from these sources.

Check the time that the quote starts and use that in place of a page number, e.g. (Moorhouse, 2015, 1:13:20). Here the 1:13:20 refers to 1 hour 13 minutes 20 seconds into the film, where the quote we want starts.

Hours/minutes/seconds follows the pattern H:MM:SS

Minutes/seconds follows the pattern MM:SS

Where you are only using seconds (e.g. for a short clip), use a zero at the front, e.g. 0:39 for 39 seconds.


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UON Referencing Guide