The Newcastle Law School requires work to be cited using the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th edition (AGLC4) published by Melbourne University in 2018.
The AGLC4 Style, commonly used by legal professionals in Australia, is a footnote style that features numbered footnotes in the text, supplemented by an optional bibliography at the end of the document. The bibliography may include the work you have consulted but not directly cited in the text or footnotes.
This guide, based on the AGLC4, provides general rules, instructions and examples for citing key Australian legal sources such as case law, legislation, books, articles and more. See details under How to cite on the left of each page, or use the site index there.
For a quick overview of AGLC4 style, watch the video by Academic Learning Support below
Heard about Generative AI (such as ChatGPT), and wondering how to reference it in your assignments?
It is an expectation of the University of Newcastle that all work submitted for assessment is the student's own original work. Prior permission must be obtained from a course coordinator before submitting work generated using an AI tool.
If using Generative AI is permitted for your course, we've got referencing it correctly covered! See the newly added Generative AI section.
This brief guide is based on the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th edition. It provides general guidelines only focusing on Australian materials. Students should consult the full AGLC4 manual for more information and always check their Course Outline for any variations required or consult their lecturers or tutors.