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University of Newcastle Library Guides

Chicago A: Notes and Bibliography Style:  About Chicago A

UON Library guide to Chicago A: Notes and Bibliography Style 17th edition

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The Chicago Manual of Style includes two referencing styles:

The Chicago A Notes and Bibliography Style is commonly used in the humanities—including literature, philosophy, history and the arts. It features numbered footnotes in the text, supplemented by an alphabetical bibliography at the end of the document. The bibliography may include the documents you consulted but not directly cited in your essay.

See an example of footnotes and an example of a bibliography on the Chicago Manual of Style site.

This guide provides general rules for footnote citations and bibliography, and instructions with examples for citing a range of sources such as journal articles, books and book chapters, research reports, government documents, conference papers, theses, course materials, AV materials, and web resources.

For details, follow the links under How to cite at the left of this page, or use the site index there. 


Other useful resources:


 Download our print friendly quick PDF guide to Chicago A below.

As this is a quick reference guide, a number of resources detailed in the full online guide have not been included. Please refer back to the online guide here if you are unable to find examples of your required references.

If printing the guide or downloading to your device - remember to check back for any updates.


Please Note:

This guide is based on the Chicago Manual of Style Online (CMOS) 17th edition, 2017. It provides general guidelines only. Your lecturer’s instructions overrule these guidelines. Students should always check their Course Outline for any variations required or consult their lecturer.


This guide is based on

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