The JAMA or AMA referencing style is widely used in the publications of medical and health sciences. It is a numbered style that uses citation numbers in the text (in-text citations) leading to the relevant numbered entries in the reference list that appears at the end of the work.
This guide, based on the 11th edition of the AMA Manual of Style, provides general rules, instructions and examples for citing a range of sources such as articles, books, government documents, conference papers, theses, AV materials, and more web resources.
For details, follow the links under How to cite at the left of this page or use the site index there.
Other related resources:
This guide is based on the AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors 11th edition. It provides general guidelines only. Students should always check their Course Outline for any variations required or consult their lecturer.
NEW! Heard about Generative AI (such as ChatGPT), and wondering how to reference it in your assignments?
It is an expectation of the University of Newcastle that all work submitted for assessment is the student's own original work. Prior permission must be obtained from a course coordinator before submitting work generated using an AI tool.
If using Generative AI is permitted for your course, we've got referencing it correctly covered! See the newly added Generative AI section.