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University of Newcastle Library Guides

Vancouver Referencing Style:  About Vancouver

UON Library guide to Vancouver Style for UON students



The Vancouver referencing style is widely used in the medical sciences. It is a numbered style that uses citation numbers in the text (in-text citations) leading to the relevant numbered entries in the reference list that appears at the end of the work. 

This guide, based on the 2nd edition of the Citing Medicine style guide, provides general rules, instructions and examples for citing a range of sources such as journal articles, books & book chapters, research reports, government documents, conference papers, theses, course materials, AV materials, and more web resources.

For details, follow the links under How to cite at the left of this page or use the site index there.


Other related resources:

Download or print the quick PDF guide to Vancouver below

  • The quick guide doesn't include all resources detailed in the full online guide. 
  • If printing the guide or downloading to your device - remember to check back for any updates.


This guide is based on Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. It provides general guidelines only. Students should always check their Course Outline for any variations required or consult their lecturer.