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Vancouver Referencing Style:  About Vancouver

UON Library guide to Vancouver Style for UON students


The Vancouver referencing style is widely used in the medical sciences. It is a numbered style that uses citation numbers in the text (in-text citations) leading to the relevant numbered entries in the reference list that appears at the end of the work. See an example here. For a newer version, see the JAMA Style.

This guide, based on the Citing Medicine style guide, provides general rules, instructions and examples for citing a range of sources such as articles, books, web resources, and more. See details under How to cite at the left of each page or use the site index there.

For a quick overview of the Vancouver style, watch the video by Academic Learning Support below.

New! Heard about Generative AI (such as ChatGPT), and wondering how to reference it in your assignments?

It is an expectation of the University of Newcastle that all work submitted for assessment is the student's own original work. Prior permission must be obtained from a course coordinator before submitting work generated using an AI tool. 

If using Generative AI is permitted for your course, we've got referencing it correctly covered! See the newly added Generative AI section. 

Please Note: This guide is based on Citing Medicine. It provides general guidelines only. Students should always check their Course Outline for any variations required or consult their lecturer.