Heard about Generative AI (such as ChatGPT), and wondering how to reference it in your assignments?
It is an expectation of the University of Newcastle that all work submitted for assessment is the student's own original work. Prior permission must be obtained from a course coordinator before submitting work generated using an AI tool.
If using Generative AI is permitted for your course, we've got referencing it correctly covered! See the newly added Generative AI section.
The Harvard (or author-date) style of referencing is widely accepted in academic publications, although you may see a number of variations in the way it is used as there is no official manual for this style. This guide is based on the online Australian Government Style Manual 7th edition released in 2020.
This style requires that you acknowledge the sources of your information in two ways:
This guide provides general rules, instructions and examples for citing a range of sources such as journal articles, books & book chapters, government documents, conference papers and theses, AV materials, and more web resources.
For details, follow the links under How to cite at the left of this page, or use the index there.
This guide is based on the Style Manual: the standard for Australian Government writing and editing 7th edition 2020. It provides general guidelines only. Students should always check their Course Outline for any variations required or consult their lecturer.
If you are still using the old edition of Harvard style, see the quick PDF guide below.