The MLA (Modern Language Association) Style is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature. Generally simpler than other styles, MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text (in-text citations), and a list of works cited that appears at the end of the work.
This guide, based on the 8th edition of the MLA handbook, provides general rules, instructions, and examples for citing a range of sources such as journal articles, books & book chapters, government documents, web resources and more.
Other useful resources:
The quick guide does not include all the resources detailed in the full online guide. Please refer back to the online guide here if you are unable to find examples of your required references.
If printing the guide or downloading to your device - remember to check back for any updates.
Heard about Generative AI (such as ChatGPT), and wondering how to reference it in your assignments?
It is an expectation of the University of Newcastle that all work submitted for assessment is the student's own original work. Prior permission must be obtained from a course coordinator before submitting work generated using an AI tool.
If using Generative AI is permitted for your course, we've got referencing it correctly covered! See the newly added Generative AI section.
This guide is based on the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook by the Modern Language Association of America. It provides general guidelines only. Students should always check their Course Outline for any variations required or consult their lecturer.