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University of Newcastle Library Guides

MLA Style:  About MLA

UON Library guide to MLA referencing style 8th edition for UON students

MLA Style


The MLA (Modern Language Association) Style for documentation is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature. Generally simpler and more concise than other styles, MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text (in-text citations), and a list of works cited that appears at the end of the work.

This guide, based on the 8th edition of the MLA handbook, provides general rules, instructions, and examples for citing a range of sources such as journal articles, books & book chapters, research reports, government documents, conference papers, theses, course materials, AV materials, and web resources.

For details, follow the links under How to reference at the left of this page, or use the index there.


Other useful resources:


Download our print friendly quick PDF guide to MLA below.

As this is a quick reference guide, a number of resources detailed in the full online guide have not been included. Please refer back to the online guide here if you are unable to find examples of your required references.

If printing the guide or downloading to your device - remember to check back for any updates.


Please Note:

This guide is based on the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook by the Modern Language Association of America. It provides general guidelines only. Students should always check their Course Outline for any variations required or consult their lecturer.


MLA handbook

This guide is based on the following book:

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