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University of Newcastle Library Guides

Environmental and Life Sciences: MARI1000 Factsheet Assessment

A Library Guide for Environmental and Life Sciences including biology, chemistry, environmental science, food science, marine science, geology and geography

Hello MARI1000 Students, Welcome to the Help Guide!

mari1000 help guide banner

This guide has 8 mini-sections to get you started with your Factsheet assignment.

Before you start, it is strongly recommended that you:

  • read the Assessment Instructions in your Canvas course site
  • read the Marking Rubric for the assignment in your Canvas course site
  • select your Topic and list each of the questions you need to answer 
  • know the kind of information you are asked to use for this assignment

1. Understand Your Topic and Research Questions

Before you start looking for information for your assignment, it is important to analyse your topic and questions. Think about:

  • What the question means and how you should go about answering it.
  • How much information do you need?
  • What kind of information have you been asked to use?
  • Are there any limiters such as time or geographic locations?

Identifying key concepts or keywords in your assignment will help you locate relevant information more effectively. Also think about similar concepts and alternative terms eg 4WD or 4-wheel driving, aboriginal or indigenous. 

These key concepts and keywords will form the basis of your search strategy. 

Watch the video below on topic analysis. What are your key concepts and keywords?

2. Know the Search Tips and Library Search

Once you have identified the keywords included in your assignment question, you can think about how to use these keywords to conduct your search.

Using appropriate search techniques such as Boolean, phrase searching, and truncation can make your search more effective.

Watch the video below and try the Library Search for books and article

Library Search

3. Find Journal Articles Using Databases

Library journal databases are collections of journal articles. You can find the best databases for your topic on the Marine Science subject guide.  

Not sure how to use them? Watch the following videos and try your search in EBSCO Environment Complete and ScienceDirect Journals

4. Find Government Documents by Google Advanced Search

Government publications such as legal material, government policies, reports, and statistics may only be available on the internet. The simplest way to find such material is by Google advanced search.

Watch the following video on Google advanced search and try a search on “marine protected areas” or your own topic. Do you know how and why to limit the results by, and .pdf?

Q & A Canvas Discussion Forum Sessions

Your Teaching Liaison Librarian is providing Q & A sessions to respond to any questions via the Canvas Discussion Forum during the week before the assignment due date.  

Day Time
Monday 28th August 1 PM - 2 PM
Tuesday 29th August 2 PM - 3 PM
Wednesday 30th August 3 PM - 4 PM
Thursday 31st August 4 PM - 5 PM

5. Do a Snowball Search with Google Scholar

Snowball search is using a key document on your topic as a starting point to find more other relevant publications by tracking down the citations.

  • Looking at the bibliography on the document to find more titles published on the same topic 
  • Using databases or Google scholar to find other article citing this document. 

Watch the video below and try a snowball search in Google Scholar using the doi 10.1007/s00267-016-0696-0 

6. Evaluate Your Sources Using TRAAP

  • Locating sources appropriate for university assignments takes time and critical evaluation.
  • Understanding how to evaluate information should make it easier for you to choose sources for your assessments.

Watch the following video on evaluating your sources with the TRAAP method. 

7. Create A Bibliography in APA Style: An Example

  • This assignment requires you to provide a bibliography in APA style without in-text citation or footnote.  
  • The bibliography should be located at the end of your factsheet within the two page limit, and arranged in one alphabetical order with hanging indent
  • Visit the Library Guide to APA style for more details.

Watch the video and see the example of a bibliography in APA 7th style below


Abbad, K., Semroud, R., Andreu-Boussut, V., & Bengoufa, S. (2022). Underwater trail: A tool for an integrated management of marine protected areas in the Western Mediterranean Basin. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 49.

Baxter, J. M., Laffoley, D., & Simard, F. (Eds.). (2016). Marine protected areas and climate change: Adaptation and mitigation synergies, opportunities and challenges. IUCN.

Caric, H., Cukrov, N., & Omanovic, D. (2021). Nautical tourism in marine protected areas (MPAs): Evaluating an impact of copper emission from antifouling coating. Sustainability, 13(21).

Davies, C. E. (2021). Invertebrate health in marine protected areas (MPAs). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 186.

Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. (n.d.). Legislation, regulations, agreements and policies.

International Union for Conservation of Nature. (2017). Coral reefs and climate change.

Johnson, S. M., & Watson, J. R. (2021). Novel environmental conditions due to climate change in the world's largest marine protected areas. One Earth, 4(11), 1625-1634.

Millage, K. D., Villasenor-Derbez, J. C., Bradley, D., Burgess, M. G., Lenihan, H. S., & Costello, C. (2021). Self-financed marine protected areas. Environmental Research Letters, 16(12).

Qu, Z., Thrush, S., & Lewis, N. (2021). Evaluating decision-support tools for monetary valuation of ecosystem services for marine protected areas. Ocean & Coastal Management, 215.

Sabadin, D. E., Barbini, S. A., Figueroa, D. E., & Lucifora, L. O. (2022). Marine protected areas are not representative of chondrichthyan species assemblages in the Southwest Atlantic. Biodiversity and Conservation, 31(1), 97-117.

8. Use Open Licensed Images

You may find and use some of the images in the public domain or with Creative Commons license from the following Open Access media collections.

  • Openverse (formerly Creative Commons Search)All Openverse content is under a Creative Commons license or is in the public domain. You can search or browse by keyword, images, audio, etc.
  • PixabayMillions of shared free stock photos, vector graphics, illustrations and videos that are released free of copyrights under Creative Commons CC0.
  • UnsplashAll photos published on Unsplash are licensed under Creative Commons 0, which means you can copy, modify, distribute and use the photos for free, including commercial purposes.

You need to provide attributions when using any CC resources. See How to give attribution here