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University of Newcastle Library guides

Chicago B: Author-Date Style:  Magazine & newspaper articles

UON Library guide to Chicago B: Author-Date Style 17th edition

Magazine and newspaper articles

 

The following information is for reference list entries. See also:

 

General rules:

It is usually sufficient to cite newspaper and magazines articles entirely within the text, there is no need to list them in the reference list.

However, if a reference list entry is needed, magazine and newspaper articles are cited similarly to journal articles, with some variations.

Author Names

  • Appear first in the reference. Use the full names of authors and invert only the first author.
  • If a magazine article does not have an author move the title to the author position.
  • If a newspaper article is unsigned, the title of the newspaper stands in place of the author.

Year of Publication

  • Appears second in the reference, and repeated later with the month and day to avoid any confusion
  • If year of publication is unavailable, use n.d. (no date) in the place of the year.

Article Titles

  • Capitalise all words in the title and sub-title (except for common words - of, and, etc).
  • Article titles appear in double quotation marks.

Magazine or Newspaper Title

  • Capitalise all words in the magazine or newspaper title (except for common words - of, and, etc).
  • Magazine or newspaper titles appear in full (not abbreviated), and in italics. e.g. New York Times.
  • An initial The in the magazine or newspaper title is usually dropped.

Volume and Issue Number

  • Magazine and newspapers articles, even if numbered by volume and issue, are usually cited by date only.
  • No volume or issue numbers are needed. 

Page Numbers

  • Cite only a specific page number in an in-text citation;
  • The inclusive page numbers of a magazine or newspaper article are not needed in reference list.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • If a DOI is available, include it at the end of reference in the format of: https://doi.org/xxxxxxx, e.g. https://doi.org/10.1086/679716.

  • In the absence of a DOI, include the URL if available. If the source is located from a library database, cite it by the database name instead. 

  • Check the What are DOIs? site for more information on DOIs.

Secondary Sources

For citations taken from secondary sources, see the Secondary Sources page

Magazine articles

 

It is usually sufficient to cite magazine articles entirely within the text, there is no need to list them in the reference list.

However, if a reference list entry is needed, magazine articles are cited similarly to journal articles, with some variations:

  • Magazines, even if numbered by volume and issue, are usually cited by date only. 
  • The date, being an essential element in the reference, is not enclosed in parentheses. 
  • Repeat the year of publication with the month and day to avoid any confusion.
  • Cite only a specific page number in an in-text citation; the inclusive page numbers of a magazine article are not needed in reference list.
  • If you consulted the article online, include a DOI, or URL or the name of the database at the end of the citation.

The following is the general format of a reference to a print and an online magazine article with one author.

See the general rules for magazine and newspaper articles for more details. 

 

In-text citation: format and example

... (Author's Last Name Year of Publication) ...

... (Walker 2016) ...

 

Reference list entry: format and example

Author's Last Names, First Name. Year. "Article Title: Subtitle." Title of Magazine,  Date of Publication,  DOI or URL or Database Name if available.

Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter. 2018. "How to Win Every Argument." Time, July 2, 2018. http://time.com/5318965/how-to-win-an-argument/.

Walker, Mandy. 2016. “Secrets to Stress-Free Flying.” Consumer Reports, October 2016.

Newspaper articles

 

It is usually sufficient to cite newspaper articles entirely within the text, there is no need to list them in the reference list.

However, if a reference list entry is needed, newspaper articles are cited similarly to journal articles, with some variations:

  • Newspapers, even if numbered by volume and issue, are usually cited by date only. 
  • Repeat the year of publication with the month and day to avoid any confusion.
  • The cited page numbers of an online newspaper article are usually omitted. Citations of print editions may include a specific page reference.
  • Column titles are capitalized but without quotation marks when included in a reference, see the example 2 below.
  • Editorials and published letters to the editor may be described generically, see the last example below.
  • If a newspaper article is unsigned, the title of the newspaper stands in place of the author, e.g. (New York Times 2002) see the example 4 below.
  • For a book review published in newspaper, see the example 3 below.
  • If you consulted the article online, include a DOI, or the name of the database, or a URL.

The following is the general format of a reference to a newspaper article. The examples include:

  • an online newspaper article
  • an online newspaper article with a column title
  • an editorial of an online newspaper
  • an unsigned newspaper article, and 
  • a book review published in a newspaper

See also the general rules for magazine and newspaper articles for more details. 

 

In-text citation: format and example

... (Author's Last Name Year of Publication) ...

... (Hard 2018) ...

.. (Jaffe 2015) ...

.. (Kakutani 2016) ...

.. (New York Times 2002) ...

.. (Sydney Morning Herald 2018) ...

 

Reference list entry: format and example

Newspapers are more commonly cited in text than in reference list. However, if a reference list entry were needed, it would appear in the format as below:

Author's Last Names, First Name. Year. "Article Title: Subtitle." Title of Newspaper,  Date of Publication,  DOI or Database Name or URL if available.

Hard, Lauren. 2018. “Your Graduation Speeches in 50 Words.” New York Times, June 6, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/06/us/graduation-commencement-speech.html.

Jaffe, Marc. 2015. “Finding Love in Seesawing Libidos.” Modern Love. New York Times. March 6, 2015. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/08/style/finding-equilibrium-in-seesawing-libidos.html

KakutaniMichiko. 2016. "Zadie Smith’s ‘Swing Time’ Explores Friends’ Diverging Paths." Review of Swing Time, by Zadie Smith. New York Times, November 7, 2016. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/08/books/zadie-smiths-swing-time-explores-friends-diverging-paths.html.

New York Times. 2002. “In Texas, Ad Heats Up Race for Governor.” July 30, 2002.

Sydney Morning Herald. 2018. "The Sweet Taste of Excess." Editorial. June 27, 2018. https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/the-sweet-taste-of-excess-20180626-p4znua.html.

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