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Vancouver Referencing Style:  Reports

UON Library guide to Vancouver Style for UON students

Research & technical reports


General Notes:

  • Corporate reports, pamphlets, brochures, and other freestanding publications are treated essentially as books.

  • Many reports are authored by organisational departments, units or agencies - if so, include them as 'corporate authors' as the first element in the reference.

  • The author and publisher should be recorded as they appeared when the document was published, not amended to their current organisational title.

  • Include report numbers if available.

  • Include only the first place of publication if more than one is listed. 

  • If the author and the publisher is the same organisation, the publisher cab be simplified as "The Organisation", e.g. "The Association".

  • Some online reports may be assigned a DOI or "digital object identifier". If this is the case the DOI must be added to the reference. If no DOI is found, then the URL of the online publication site is included. Check the What are DOIs? page for more information.

Research & technical reports


The following is the general format of a reference to a research or technical report. 

Add [Internet] after report tile and DOI or URL to the end of citation for reports located online.

See the general rules for research reports for more details. 


Reference list entry: format and example


Citation No. Author. Report title: subtitle [Internet]. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of Publication. Pages. Report No. URL


1.          United Nations. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015 [Internet]. New York: UN; 2015. 75 p. Available from:

2.          National High Blood Pressure Education Program (US). The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Rev. ed. Bethesda (MD): National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (US); 2005. 48 p. (NIH publication; no. 05-5267).

3.          Barker B, Degenhardt L. Accidental drug-induced deaths in Australia 1997-2001. Sydney: University of New South Wales, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre; 2003. 46 p.

White papers


A white paper is a short document or report by a government agency, corporation, or organisation that presents their philosophy, position, or policy on a particular issue. These documents are usually found via their website (or Google search).

White papers follow a similar format to a research report or a government document if produced by a government agency.