A preposition indicates the position of a thing or action. Prepositions are usually used in front of nouns or pronouns and they show the relationship between the noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence.
The book is on the table.
The book is beside the table.
The book is under the table.
Of, in, to, for, with, on, at, from, by, about, as, into, like, through, after, over, between, out, against, during, without, before, under, around, among.
Example of incorrect use of preposition.
Example: Arthur Philip eventually sent his Marines, who did not comply with his orders, back to England and replaced them by the New South Wales corps.
Problem: The preposition ‘by’ is incorrect, causing confusion in meaning.
Correct: Arthur Philip eventually sent his Marines, who did not comply with his orders, back to England and replaced them with the New South Wales corps.