An effective paraphrase involves putting information from a source into your own words, without changing the meaning of the source you used. It has the following features:
A useful method to writing an effective paraphrase is to:
You can use grammar techniques to help you when checking your own words with the original source to help get you started:
Technique 1: Changing the words by using synonyms:
analyse -> examine process -> procedure
theory -> concept twentieth century ->1900s
Take care when using synonyms as not all synonyms have the same meaning depending on the context (i.e. the sentence) it is being used in.
Technique 2: Changing the word class:
requirement (noun) -> require (verb)
consistent (adjective) -> consistency (noun)
central (adjective) -> centralise (verb)
Technique 3: Changing where the information is in the sentence:
“The best explanation for the location of the Canberra is found by considering the historically antagonistic relationship between Sydney and Melbourne.” Nance, S.L. (2018). The History of Canberra. Newcastle: Poodle.
An understanding of past tensions between Sydney and Melbourne can help explain the origin of Canberra (Nance, 2018).
This is best to do when you think about how all the main ideas in the sentences relate to each other.
It is important to remember that in practice all these grammar techniques are used at the same time.