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Exercise & Sport Science: EXSS6110 Assignment Help

A Library Guide to Exercise and Sport Science resources for students and staff of the University of Newcastle

Hello EXSS6110 Students, Welcome to the Help Guide!

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This guide has 10 sections to get you started with your library research for your Research Presentation and Systematic Review assessments.

Before you start, it is strongly recommended that you:

  • read the Assessment Instructions in your Canvas course site
  • read the Marking Rubric for the assignment in your Canvas course site

Helpful Libguide resources for this assessment include:

1. What Is a Systematic Review

According to the Cochrane Library, "A systematic review attempts to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a specific research question. Researchers conducting systematic reviews use explicit, systematic methods that are selected with a view aimed at minimizing bias, to produce more reliable findings to inform decision making."

Watch the videos below on what is a systematic review.

What are systematic reviews?  by Cochrane Library

The Steps of a Systematic Review by Center for Evidence Synthesis in Health

2. Library Guide to Systematic Review and Critical Appraisal

The Library Systematic Review Guide is an introduction to the systematic review process. It covers:

  • What is a systematic review (SR)?
  • Planning for SR including SR registers
  • Developing a search strategy
  • Choosing resources
  • Screening and appraising including appraisal tools
  • Writing and publishing 

Click the following image to visit the Systematic Review: Appraisal Guide

systematic review guide home page

3. Plan Your Topic and Search Strategy

Before you start looking for information for your systematic review, it is important to analyse your topic and plan for your research. Think about:

  • Has this review ever done by others before and how to find out?
  • Is the research question clear, well formed, focused and answerable?
  • Is it balanced? If it is too broad or too narrow, how do you adjust it?
  • How to turn your research question into a search strategy?
  • Are there any limiters such as time, geographic location, study type, gender group, etc?

Identifying key concepts and keywords in your topic will help you to locate relevant information more effectively. Also think about similar concepts and alternative terms e.g. sport OR exercise, aboriginal OR indigenous. 

These key concepts and keywords will form the basis of your initial search strategy. 

Watch the videos below on developing a search strategy. What are your key concepts and keywords?

Systematic Review Search Strategy by Research Masterminds

Turning your research question into a search strategy by Leeds University Library

4. Find Journal Articles Using Databases

Information or literature can be found in a variety of sources such as Library Search, Databases, and on the Internet.  

Library journal databases are collections of journal articles. You can find the best databases for your topic on the Subject Resource Guides to 

Exercise & Sport Science.

Not sure how to use them? Watch the following videos and try your search in

EBSCO Megafile Ultimate covering SPORTDiscus and CINAHL

Medline 1946- (OVID) and Embase (OVID) and PsycINFO (OVID)


Scopus basic search


Web of science

5. Critical Appraisal and Tools

The Library Systematic Review Guide has a special section on Critical Appraisal and Appraisal Tools.

Click the following image to visit the Systematic Review: Appraisal Guide

UON critical appraisal

6. Manage Your Literature Using EndNote

A systematic review requires searching multiple resources on your topic. A good way to manage all your search results is to use a Citation Management Tool.

The library supports the use of EndNote for you to save, manage, and review the literature you have found for your literature review. EndNote can also create in-text citations and bibliography in Word automatically for you. 

From the library EndNote Guide, you can:

For a quick overview, watch the following video on how to use EndNote. 

For Windows Users

For Mac Users

7. Reference Using Vancouver Style

The Library has created style guides for most referencing styles used at UON including Vancouver Style. 

  • Vancouver referencing style is a numbered style. It uses Arabic numbers for in-text citations, with full details in the reference list.
  • Vancouver referencing style is widely used in the health sciences. It is a numbered style that uses citation numbers in the text (in-text citations) leading to the relevant numbered entries in the reference list that appears at the end of the work. 
  • Click the following image to visit the Library Guide to Vancouver style  

Vancouver style guide home page


For a quick overview, watch the following video on Vancouver style

8. Read Effectively for Your Research

You won’t be able to read everything on your topic and you don’t need to read a source from cover to cover, you need to read effectively.

Watch the video below on reading and note making for your research

9. Write and Present Your Research

Writing your report is an ongoing process of writing and re-writing. See the UON Academic Support Team’s Guide to Report Writing for detailed instructions on report writing, and always follow your lecturer’s instructions for what elements you are required to include. 

Watch the video below on Report Writing. Contact academic support for more help.

10. How Well Do I Do: Self Assessment Tools

After you have finished writing your systematic review, you can assess it yourself using one or more of the critical appraisal tools to see if your systematic review is trustworthy, valuable, and bias free.

See more critical appraisal tools in the library’s Systematic Review Guide