Skip to Main Content
University of Newcastle Library Guides

Harvard UON Referencing Style:  Images etc.

UON Library guide to the Australian Harvard Style based on the online Style Manual: the standard for Australian Government writing and editing 2020.

Figures - Citing or Reproducing

 

When citing (not reprinting) a figure from a book, article or other sources, cite the source as usual and add the page number and figure number in the in-text citation.  

If the source is freely available online, hyperlink the title and add an accessed date.

 

In-text citation: format and example

... (Author Surame Year of Publication:page no, figure no) ...

... (Anderson 2018, figure 8.1)...

 

Reference list entry: format and example

Author (Year)Book Title: Subtitle, Edition, Publisher, Place of Publication, accessed Day Month Year.

Anderson C (2018) Essentials of linguistics, McMaster University, accessed 22 February 2022.

 

 

Using figures taken from other sources

 

If you are including a figure from another source in your assignment, you need provide the source citation, copyright information, and permission if needed with the figure. If the work being credited is listed in the reference list, only a shortened form needs appear in the source citation, e.g. Source: Doyle and McCutcheon (2015).

  • Copy the figure exactly as found in the original source, unless you need to adapt it.
  • Number figures consecutively in Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc) as they appear in your assignment
  • Acknowledge the original source following the caption directly underneath the figure.
  • Captions should be capitalized in sentence style
  • Copyright holder may be the publisher or the author/s
  • While students don't usually require publisher permission to include figures in assignments, you should still include the copyright statement.

The following is an example of reprinting a figure from a book. For reusing figures from other sources, follow the citation pattern for that source

 

Figure 1. Surgical mask (left) and N95 mask (right). Source: Doyle and McCutcheon (2015 ch 1.4). ©2015 by BCCampus (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).

[This eBook does not use page numbers so the chapter information has been included instead. This will assist with locating the original figure]

Reference list entry:

Doyle GR and McCutcheon JA (2015) Clinical procedures for safer patient care, British Columbia Institute of Technology, accessed 22 February 2022.


Adapting or changing the figure?

 In the caption under the figure change the source to  'Source: Adapted from' to show that you have changed the original (even in a small way). 


 

Reproduction note: 

The figure above, reprinted from Clinical Procedures for Safer Patient Carehas been reproduced under the Creative Commons License. This notice is separate from the figure so as not to confuse the referencing in the figure caption.

Clinical Procedures for Safer Patient Care by Glynda Rees Doyle and Jodie Anita McCutcheon: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Citing Maps 

 

  • Information about maps can usually be presented in the text rather than in a reference list, e.g. the Google Earth satellite view of Newcastle accessed in 2022 shows... 
  • If a reference list entry is needed, follow the format below. Maps consulted online should hyperlink the title and include an access date.

 

In-text citation: format and example

... (Cartographer's Last Name Year of Publication) ...

... (Google Earth 2022) ...

... (US Geological Survey 1909) ...

 

Reference list entry: format and example

Cartographer (Year) Map title: subtitle, Publication details, accessed Day Month Year.

Google Earth (2022) Satellite view of Newcastle, Google Earth, accessed 22 February 2022.

US Geological Survey (1909) California: Yosemite Quadrangle, USGS Historic Topographic Map Collection, accessed 22 February 2022.

 

Art Works

 

  • Use title case and italics for artwork series, eg Rosemary Laing’s Flight Research series.
  • Use italics and sentence case for artwork titles, eg Margaret Olley’s Portrait in the mirror is one of her notable works.
  • For online catalogues, hyperlink the title of the catalogue and include an accessed date, eg

Captions

When use an artwork of others, provide a caption with the details of the artwork, copyright information, and permission if needed. 

     Format and example:

Creator Full Name (Year) Title or description of work [medium], Website, Exhibition or Gallery, Location of Gallery, © Creator, courtesy: Creator or Gallery, accessed Date Month Year.

Angela Tiatia (2015) Holding on [still], Sullivan + Strumpf Gallery, Sydney, © Angela Tiatia, courtesy: Sullivan + Strumpf Gallery.

If your caption includes all of the artwork/photograph details, you may not need to also include a reference list entry. If you do need to include reference list entries, follow the format below.

 

In-text citation: format and example

Creator Surname (Title of artwork Year of Creation)

The collection includes Long (The spirit of the plains 1897) and Dalí (The persistence of memory 1931).

 

Reference list entry: format and example

Creator C (Year) Title or description of work [medium], Website, Exhibition or Gallery, Location of Gallery, accessed Date Month Year.

Dalí S (1931) The persistence of memory [oil on canvas], Museum of Modern Art, New York, accessed 22 February 2022.

Long S (1897) The spirit of the plains [painting], Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane, Australia. 

 

Tables - Citing or Reprinting

 

When citing (not reprinting) a table from a book, an article or other sources, provide the page and table numbers where the table is located in the in-text citation.  

For tables from other sources, follow the pattern for that source and add the page and table number in the in-text citation as required. If the source is freely available online, hyper link the title of citation in the reference list.

 

In-text citation: format and example

... (Author's Last Name/s Year of Publication:page number, table number) ...

... (Chavas et al. 2014:167 table 4.4) ...

 

Reference list entry: format and example (i.e. cite the source as usual)

Authors' Last Names Initials (Year) Book title: subtitle edition, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Chavas, J-P,  Hummels D, and Wright BD (eds) (2014) The economics of food price volatility, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

 

 

Tables taken from other sources

 

If you are including a table from another source within an assignment, you need provide the source notes and credit lines with the table. If the work being credited is listed in the reference list, only a shortened form needs appear in the credit line.

  • Copy the table exactly as found in the original source, unless you need to adapt it (see info below).
  • The table number, title or description go above the table.
  • Acknowledge the original source within a source note included directly underneath the table.
  • Begin with 'Source: ' followed by the following words if applicable, and then the source citation:
    • 'Adapted from' if you have adapted or changed the table, Source: Adapted from MDBA (2019); or
    • 'Data from' if you have used the data from another source in your own table.
  • If you are WRITING FOR PUBLICATION (for a journal, conference paper, thesis, website, etc) you must obtain written permission from the copyright owner to reuse the table in your work, and state the permission in the source note as: Source: Reprinted with permission from ...
  • In addition to author, title, publication details, and copyright date by copyright holder, the credit line should include any page or table number.
  • Copyright holder may be the publisher or the author/s
  • While students don't usually require publisher permission to include tables in assignments, you should still include the copyright statement.

 

The following is an example of reprinting a table from a book. For reusing tables from other sources, follow the citation pattern for that source

 

Table 1. Nursing Interventions for the Stages of Dying

Source: Lowey (2015, table 3.1). ©2015 by Susan E. Lowey (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).

 

Reproduction note: 

The table above, reprinted from Nursing Care at the End of Life has been reproduced under the Creative Commons License. This notice is separate from the table so as not to confuse the referencing in the table notes.

Nursing Care at the End of Life by Susan. E. Lowey: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Ask The Library

Ask The Library