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University of Newcastle Library Guides

Harvard UON Referencing Style:  Film, TV, etc.

UON Library guide to the Australian Harvard Style based on the online Style Manual: the standard for Australian Government writing and editing 2020.

Films and Videos

 

  • Use italics and sentence case for film title, eg.
    • Ride like a girl (2019) tells the story of jockey Michelle Payne.
  • In a reference list, use the director and the year of release.
  • If there is no credited director, use the name of the producer.
  • Include the place of production if known.

 

In-text citation: format and example

... (Direct Surname Year of Publication) ...   or    Direct Surname (Year of Production) ...

... (Lee 2005) ...     or      Lee (2005) ...

... (Leunig 2011) ...     or     Leunig (2011) ...

... (Safran 1976) ...     or    Safran (1976) ...

 

Reference list entry: format and example

Director D (director) or Producer P (producer) (Year) Title of film: subtitle of film [motion picture], Name of Studio or Publisher, Place of Production.

Lee A (director) (2005) Brokeback mountain [motion picture], Paramount Pictures Studios, Los Angeles.

Leunig S (director) (2011) Integrating Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives in schools [motion picture], VEA, Bendigo.

Safran H (director) (1976) Storm boy [motion picture], South Australian Film Corporation, Australia.

 

TV Programs

 

  • Use italics and sentence case for TV program titles, eg 
    • One of the longest-running police dramas on Australian television was Homicide (1964–77). 
  • Use sentence case, roman type and quotation marks for episodes of a program.
  • Use arabic – not roman – numerals for the numbers of seasons.
  • In a reference list, include the name of the director or producer and the year of release.
  • Include the place of production if known.
  • If the episode doesn’t have a name, write the name of the program first.

 

In-text citation: format and example

... (Director Surname Year of Publication) ...   or Director Surname (Year of Production) ... 

... (Pellizzeri 1994) ...      or    Pellizzeri (1994) ...  

... (ABC Television 2019) ...      or    ABC Television (2019) ...

 

Reference list entry: format and example

Director D (director) or Producer P (producer) (Year) ‘Title of episode: subtitle of episode’ [television program]Name of series (season number, episode number), Name of Station or Studio, Place of Production.

Pellizzeri R (director) (1994) ‘Luck of the draw’ [television program], Blue heelers (season 1, episode 44), Seven Network, Melbourne.

ABC Television (2019) Gardening Australia (season 30, episode 35) [television program], ABC Television, Sydney.

 

Radio Programs

 

  • Use italics and sentence case for radio program titles, eg 
    • Environmentalists will enjoy the radio program Off track on ABC Radio National.
  • Use sentence case, roman type and single quotation marks for episodes of a program.
    • ‘The bilby, the moon and the Birriliburu Rangers’ from Off track went to air in January.
  • Use arabic – not roman – numerals for the numbers of seasons.
  • In a reference list, include the name of the presenter and the full date the episode went to air.
  • Include the place of production if known.
  • If the episode doesn’t have a name, write the name of the program first.

 

In-text citation: format and example

... (Presenter Surname Year of Publication) ...   or Presenter Surname (Year of Production) ... 

... (Jones 2020) ...      or    Jones (2020) ...  

 

Reference list entry: format and example

Presenter P (presenter) (Day Month Year)Title of episode: subtitle of episode[radio program]Name of program, Name of Station or Studio, Place of Production.

Jones A (presenter) (18 January 2020) ‘The bilby, the moon and the Birriliburu Rangers’ [radio program], Off track, ABC Radio National, Sydney.

 

Musical Compositions

 

  • Use title case (maximal capitalisation) and quotation marks for Australia’s National Anthem, eg.
    • The crowd stood up to listen to the choir sing ‘Advance Australia Fair’.
  • Use italics and sentence case for the titles of Long works such as albums, compilations, playlists and collections.
  • Use roman type for shorter pieces such as songs, eg 
    • The town meeting ended with the school children singing ‘The road to Gundagai’.

 

In-text citation: format and example

... (Creator Surname Year of Publication) ...   or Creator Surname (Year of Production) ... 

... (Tones and I 2019) ...      or    Tones and I (2019) ...  

... Farnham (1968) ...      or    Farnham (1968) ... 

 

Reference list entry: format and example

Creator C (Year)Title of song: subtitle of song[Medium]Title of compilation or album, Name of Publisher.

Tones and I (2019) ‘Dance monkey’ [Song], The kids are coming, Sony Music Australia.

Farnham J (1968) Sadie [Album], EMI/Columbia.

 

Quoting from AV media

 

To cite a specific part or direct quote from film, TV or other audio or video media, you need to use the time stamp in the format of Hours:Minutes:Seconds.  

Check the time that the quote starts on the audio or video, and cite that in the in-text citation, e.g.1:13:20.  Here the 1:13:20 refers to 1 hour 13 minutes 20 seconds into the AV media, where the quote we want starts.

  • Hours/minutes/seconds follows the pattern H:MM:SS
  • Minutes/seconds follows the pattern MM:SS
  • Where you are only using seconds (e.g. for a short clip), use a zero at the front, e.g. 0:39 for 39 seconds.

For example, ... (Lee 2005:54:22) ...

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