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University of Newcastle Library Guides

Enabling Pathways Library Guide: Referencing styles

Guide to assist Open Foundation, Newstep and Yapug students find information for assignments

Referencing styles

There are many different referencing styles and they vary between disciplines - your lecturer should specify which referencing style you are required to use for your course.

Whatever style you use, you must be consistent and format all your references in the SAME style.  See our Referencing Guide for the main referencing styles used at UON.


Let's look at the article 'Post-fire survival and reproduction of rehabilitated and unburnt koalas', from the database ScienceDirect.

Here is the same article referenced in a few different styles for comparison.

APA 6th APA 6th example
APA 7th APA 7th example
Harvard Harvard example
MLA MLA example
Vancouver MLA example
IEEE IEEE example

Chicago A



Chicago footnote example


Chicago bibliography example



AGLC4 footnote example

*where 572 is the 'pinpoint' reference to the page we used information from.


AGLC4 bibliography example