APA uses the author-date citation style.
This style allows readers to find the information sources cited in-text and in the Reference List.
All citations are listed in detail, in alphabetical order in the Reference List at the end of the work.
When inserting a citation in-text, include the author's surname and year of publication. The brief in-text details of the author's surname and year of publication are enclosed in parentheses ( ).
If you include a direct quote, that is word-for-word, from another source the in-text citation must include the author, year and page numbers where the quotation appeared.
When paraphrasing a source (putting it into your own words), it is not required to include page numbers in the in-text citation, however it may still be useful to do so to help the reader locate the paraphrased information in a large source such as a book.
Note: this is a quick reference guide - not all resources from the full guide have been included.
Please check the full guide here if you are unable to find your required references - use the index on the left to find your resources.
If printing the guide or downloading to your device - remember to check back for any updates.
This updated version was released June 2019.