Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Chicago 17 A basics
The Chicago 17 'A' style:
- uses footnotes and an alphabetical reference list
- footnotes are used both in text and at the bottom of the page.
Chicago 17 style footnotes:
- are used in-text to mark your citation with a superscript number
- are numbered sequentially throughout your document
- also appear at the bottom of the page
- these notes provide additional information about the in-text footnote
- the notes are placed on the same page as the in-text citation.
- with the first line of all footnote citations indented
Chicago 17 style bibliography:
- references are listed alphabetically by author
- references have a hanging indent (see below bibliography example)
Create a superscript number with a keyboard shortcut:
- Press Ctrl + Shift + ‘+’ (press and hold Ctrl and Shift, then press +).
- Turn the superscript off when finished by pressing the same keyboard shortcut.
Chicago manual of style online
Chicago Manual of Style Online
The 17th edition Chicago Manual of Style Online is completely searchable and easy to use.
The Q&A content is fully searchable along with the content of The Chicago Manual of Style.
Pathways and Academic Learning Support