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University of Newcastle Library guides

Law: Legislation: Bills

Find legislative resources.



  • A Bill is a proposed Act of Parliament or 'draft' legislation.
  • The explanatory memoranda or explanatory note explains the Bill clause by clause in plain English.
  • The second reading speech contains an explanation of the purpose or rationale of the Bill.
  • Hansard is the official transcript of all Parliamentary proceedings and debates. 
  • Extrinsic materials are materials that are external to legislation which can be used for statutory interpretation as they assist researchers to understand the objectives, purpose and motivation behind the proposed enactment.

How to cite a Bill using AGLC4

  • Bills are cited in the same way as an Act except the title is not italicised.

Key Australian resources
Key international resources


Key Australian Resources

Key international resources

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Law: Case Law

Find legal resources on case law.

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This guide provides undergraduates and graduates with specific resources for Criminology