APA Style Update
APA released its updated style (APA 7) at the end of 2019.
2020 will be a transition year as courses start to use the updated style.
Check with your your lecturer which version of APA is required for your course.
This guide will no longer be updated but will remain active until APA 7 is fully adopted.
APA uses the author-date citation style.
This style allows readers to find the information sources cited in-text and in the Reference List.
All citations are listed in detail, in alphabetical order in the Reference List at the end of the work.
When inserting a citation in-text, include the author's surname and year of publication. The brief in-text details of the author's surname and year of publication are enclosed in parentheses ( ).
If you include a direct quote, that is word-for-word, from another source the in-text citation must include the author, year and page numbers where the quotation appeared.
When paraphrasing a source (putting it into your own words), it is not required to include page numbers in the in-text citation, however it may still be useful to do so to help the reader locate the paraphrased information in a large source such as a book.
This guide is based on information from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) and the official APA Style Blog.
Note: this is a quick reference guide - not all resources from the full guide have been included.
Please check the full guide here if you are unable to find your required references - use the index on the left to find your resources.
If printing the guide or downloading to your device - remember to check back for any updates.
This updated version was released June 2019.