Advance online publication (In Press)Acts (Law Citation)Artworks (paintings, prints & sculptures)Authors sharing Same SurnameBooksBooks (Online)Cases (Legal Materials)Chapters in Books (Edited Books)CD Recordings - MusicConferences, Symposia, MeetingsDVDsEdited BooksFacebook, Citing fromGovernment PublicationsIn Press Journal ArticlesIn-text CitationsIn-text citation egs for 1, 2 & 3 authors (or editors)In-text citation egs for 4, 5 & 6 authors (or editors)In-text citation egs for 1-5 & 6 or more Authors for Subsequent CitationsJournal Articles (in Print)Journal Articles (Online)Journal Articles (Online) In PressLectures (Lecture notes)Legislation
MapsMaster's Theses (Published)Master's Theses (Unpublished)Motion picturesMultiple In-Text CitationsMusic recordings on CDMusical ScoresNewspaper Articles (In Print)Paintings SEE ArtworksPersonal CommunicationsPrints SEE ArtworksPh.D.'s (Published)Ph.D.'s (Unpublished)Quotations 1 AuthorQuotations 2 AuthorsQuotations 3 AuthorsQuotations 4 AuthorsQuotations 5 AuthorsQuotations 6 & 7+ AuthorsRecorded MusicSame Author & Same YearSame shared Surname AuthorsScupltures SEE ArtworksSecondary SourcesStatistics (ABS)Twitter, Citing fromVideocassettesWeb Sites & PagesWeb Sites - with missing citation information. Eg. No title
This is the "Referencing- WHY" page of the "Quick Guide to the APA 6th Edition Referencing Style" guide.
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Referencing- WHY Print Page
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Why you must Reference your information sources

University study, writing &/or research requires the constant use of diverse and relevant information sources.

Such information sources will be these (and more);

textbooks reference books
(printed & online)
journal articles
(printed & online)
lectures
laws, regulations
& Government Reports
web sites conference papers
patents &
standards


The type of information used might be;

    quotations ideas or concepts
    background &/or historical materials statistics
    definitions theories
    experimental data images, illustrations, or pictures
    equations, charts or graphs music (lyrics &/or musical phrases)

     

    All sources of information (of whatever type) used in or relied upon for Assignments, Essays, Tutorials, Seminars, Presentations, Lab Reports, Group Work, etc., must be identified in full, and in a clear, accurate and consistent manner.

    This is known as REFERENCING (or Citing).

     

    When you identify all your sources of information you are acting with ACADEMIC INTEGRITY.

    Academic integrity is founded on the principles of;

    • respect for knowledge,
    • truthfulness,
    • scholarship and
    • honesty.

    The University of Newcastle values Academic Integrity very highly. The Student Academic Integrity Policy states:

      “Academic integrity, honesty, and a respect for knowledge, truth and ethical practices are fundamental to the business of the University. These principles are at the core of all academic endeavour in teaching, learning and research. Dishonest practices contravene academic values, compromise the integrity of research and devalue the quality of learning.”

    For the full Policy see The University of Newcastle Student Academic Integrity Policy.

     

    Guide source and QR Code

    This APA-6th ed Guide is written and maintained by Michael Carr and Cathy Bennett at the Auchmuty Library of The University of Newcastle, Australia. It was first published in March 2010.

    Please note, a "Comments & Feedback" form is available on the 'More APA' page of this guide.


    APA 6th edition Referencing Style Guide prepared by the Library of The University of Newcastle, Australia.
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