Why you must Reference your information sources
University study, writing &/or research requires the constant use of diverse and relevant information sources.
Such information sources will be these (and more);
(printed & online)
(printed & online)
& Government Reports
|web sites||conference papers
The type of information used might be;
|quotations||ideas or concepts|
|background &/or historical materials||statistics|
|experimental data||images, illustrations, or pictures|
|equations, charts or graphs||music (lyrics &/or musical phrases)|
All sources of information (of whatever type) used in or relied upon for Assignments, Essays, Tutorials, Seminars, Presentations, Lab Reports, Group Work, etc., must be identified in full, and in a clear, accurate and consistent manner.
This is known as REFERENCING (or Citing).
When you identify all your sources of information you are acting with ACADEMIC INTEGRITY.
Academic integrity is founded on the principles of;
- respect for knowledge,
- scholarship and
The University of Newcastle values Academic Integrity very highly. The Student Academic Integrity Policy states:
“Academic integrity, honesty, and a respect for knowledge, truth and ethical practices are fundamental to the business of the University. These principles are at the core of all academic endeavour in teaching, learning and research. Dishonest practices contravene academic values, compromise the integrity of research and devalue the quality of learning.”
For the full Policy see The University of Newcastle Student Academic Integrity Policy.
Guide source and QR Code
This APA-6th ed Guide is written and maintained by Michael Carr and Cathy Bennett at the Auchmuty Library of The University of Newcastle, Australia. It was first published in March 2010.
Please note, a "Comments & Feedback" form is available on the 'More APA' page of this guide.