Ebooks SEE Books (Online)Edited BooksEJournal Articles SEE Journal Articles (Online)Facebook, Citing fromFigures & TablesGovernment PublicationsIn Press Journal ArticlesIn-text CitationsIn-text citation egs for 1, 2 & 3 authors (or editors)In-text citation egs for 4, 5 & 6 authors (or editors)In-text citation egs for 1-5 & 6 or more Authors for Subsequent CitationsIndustry ReportsJournal Articles (in Print)Journal Articles (Online)Journal Articles (Online) In PressLectures (Lecture notes)Legislation
MapsMaster's Theses (Published)Master's Theses (Unpublished)Motion picturesMultiple In-Text CitationsMusic recordings on CDMusical ScoresNewspaper Articles (In Print)Paintings SEE ArtworksPamphlets/BrochuresPatentsPersonal CommunicationsPrints SEE ArtworksPh.D.'s (Published)Ph.D.'s (Unpublished)Quotations 1 AuthorQuotations 2 AuthorsQuotations 3 AuthorsQuotations 4 AuthorsQuotations 5 AuthorsQuotations 6 & 7+ AuthorsRecorded Music
Acts (Law Citation)Advance online publication (In Press)Artworks (paintings, prints & sculptures)Authors sharing Same SurnameBooksBooks (Online)Brochures/PamphletsCases (Legal Materials)CD Recordings - MusicChapters in Books (Edited Books)Company ReportsConferences, Symposia, MeetingsDVDs
Same Author & Same YearSame shared Surname AuthorsScupltures SEE ArtworksSecondary SourcesStandardsStatistics (ABS)Tables & FiguresTwitter, Citing fromVideocassettesWeb Sites & parts of web sitesWeb Sites - with missing citation information. Eg. No title
This is the "Referencing- WHY" page of the "Quick Guide to the APA 6th Edition Referencing Style" guide.
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Last Updated: May 24, 2015 URL: http://libguides.newcastle.edu.au/apa-6th Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Referencing- WHY Print Page

Why you must Reference your information sources

University study, writing &/or research requires the constant use of diverse and relevant information sources.

Such information sources will be these (and more);

textbooks reference books
(printed & online)
journal articles
(printed & online)
laws, regulations
& Government Reports
web sites conference papers
patents &

The type of information used might be;

    quotations ideas or concepts
    background &/or historical materials statistics
    definitions theories
    experimental data images, illustrations, or pictures
    equations, charts or graphs music (lyrics &/or musical phrases)


    All sources of information (of whatever type) used in or relied upon for Assignments, Essays, Tutorials, Seminars, Presentations, Lab Reports, Group Work, etc., must be identified in full, and in a clear, accurate and consistent manner.

    This is known as REFERENCING (or Citing).


    When you identify all your sources of information you are acting with ACADEMIC INTEGRITY.

    Academic integrity is founded on the principles of;

    • respect for knowledge,
    • truthfulness,
    • scholarship and
    • honesty.

    The University of Newcastle values Academic Integrity very highly. The Student Academic Integrity Policy states:

      “Academic integrity, honesty, and a respect for knowledge, truth and ethical practices are fundamental to the business of the University. These principles are at the core of all academic endeavour in teaching, learning and research. Dishonest practices contravene academic values, compromise the integrity of research and devalue the quality of learning.”

    For the full Policy see The University of Newcastle Student Academic Integrity Policy.


    Guide source and QR Code

    This APA-6th ed Guide is written and maintained by Michael Carr and Cathy Bennett at the Auchmuty Library of The University of Newcastle, Australia. It was first published in March 2010.

    APA 6th edition Referencing Style Guide prepared by the Library of The University of Newcastle, Australia.


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